Gaming insights Gaming Cover features

Shark or fish? Which are you?

Pai Yao
Written by Pai Yao

This article first appeared in the Mar/Apr 2014 issue of World Gaming magazine.

Illustrations: Gian Carlo Bernal

Are you a shark or are you a fish? Welcome to World Gaming’s very first quiz – designed to test your gaming knowledge while having lots of fun along the way! Whether you’re an avid reader of this magazine or simply love popping into your favorite casino to try your luck at the tables, this quiz is a great way to test your ability as an all-round player. And don’t worry if you’re not a gaming master because we’ve divided each topic into three separate categories – “easy” worth one point, “hard” worth two points” and “expert” worth three points which when tallied will add up to a score out of 200. However, before you start our quiz we ask that you follow a few simple rules – don’t do any research or look up the answers on the internet and don’t have anyone sitting alongside you offering help. This is about what you know, not what the internet or your friends know! We also suggest that you write your answers down. Answers to all 100 questions will be published in the May/Jun issue of WGM and if you want an accurate score you should keep an exact record of your responses to refer back to when the time comes to check your answers. Our only other request is that you have fun, and who knows? Even those of you who prove to be gaming experts might learn some quirky and interesting facts. Let’s get started …

BACCARAT

Question 1 (one point)

Who gets to squeeze the cards in a game of baccarat?

  1. The oldest player on the table
  2. The person with the largest bet
  3. The person who has the most chips in front of them
  4. The person who asks to squeeze them first
  5. The person wearing the craziest clothes
Question 2 (one point)

What are the odds paid in Macau for a “tie” bet in baccarat?

  1. 11/1
  2. 8/1
  3. 5/1
  4. 20/1
  5. You get your bet back plus a nice blue tie
Question 3 (one point)

What are the odds paid in Macau for a “pair” bet on the banker or player in baccarat?

  1. 8/1
  2. 9/1
  3. 10/1
  4. 11/1
  5. You get your bet back plus a pair of gloves
Question 4 (two points)

What percentage of Macau’s official gaming turnover is baccarat responsible for?

  1. Just over 50 percent
  2. Just over 70 percent
  3. Just over 90 percent
  4. Just over 95 percent
  5. There is no baccarat in Macau
Question 5 (two points)

Who receives the first card in a round of baccarat?

  1. Banker
  2. Player
  3. It is burnt
  4. The side with the biggest bet
  5. It is thrown on the floor
Question 6 (two points)

The form of baccarat in which the player only gets paid 1/2 on winning banker bets on a banker score of 6 is known as what?

  1. Super Six Baccarat
  2. Super Baccarat
  3. No Commission Baccarat
  4. Baccarat Plus
  5. Super Silly Baccarat
Question 7 (three points)

In a standard commission game of baccarat what is the exact house percentage on a bet on the banker?

  1. 0.98 percent
  2. 1.06 percent
  3. 1.22 percent
  4. 2.02 percent
  5. The probability of anything is 50 percent – either it happens or it doesn’t
Question 8 (three points)

The game of baccarat was invented in which country?

  1. France
  2. Italy
  3. In numerous European countriessimultaneously
  4. Historians are not quite sure but theirbest guess is Italy
  5. Uzbekistan
Question 9 (three points)

The baccarat trend “big eye boy” is so named because:

  1. The trend involves comparison to a part of the big road known as “the big eye”
  2. It was invented by a dealer with big eyes
  3. It was invented by a player with big eyes
  4. It was invented by a junket operator with big eyes
  5. The first person to win a lot of money using the trend went out and bought huge eyeglasses with their winnings

 

FANTAN

Question 10 (one point)

Fantan is an ancient Chinese table game where beads are separated into piles. How many beads are there in each pile?

  1. 4
  2. 5
  3. 8
  4. 9
  5. As many as the dealer chooses in the first pile, then the same number for subsequent piles
Question 11 (two points)

Which Macau casino last year expanded their Fantan tables to four in a push to raise the profile of the game in Macau? What are the odds paid in Macau for a “tie” bet in baccarat?

  1. Grand Lisboa
  2. Sands Macao
  3. MGM
  4. City of Dreams
  5. The Macau Fantan House
Question 12 (three points)

In what decade was Fantan legalized by the Portuguese Governor of Macau?

  1. 1840s
  2. 1850s
  3. 1860s
  4. 1870s
  5. 2000s

 

PAI GOW

Question 13 (one point)

How many tiles are there in a Pai Gow set?

  1. 16
  2. 24
  3. 28
  4. 32
  5. As many as you want to start thegame with
Question 14 (two points)

Wongs, Gongs and High 9s must contain:

  1. A teen tile
  2. A day tile
  3. A teen tile or a day tile
  4. At least one tile with only red pips
  5. A drink from the casino bar
Question 15 (three points)

The third highest hand in Pai Gow is a pair of day tiles. What is the total amount of pips on the tiles (combined) and what are their colors?

  1. 5 red and 4 white
  2. 4 red
  3. 12 red and 12 white
  4. 9 white
  5. 10 blue and 10 green

 

PAI GOW POKER

Question 16 (one point)

The joker in Pai Gow Poker can be used in which way?

  1. It can substitute for any card
  2. It is wild when used in straights and flushes, otherwise it is an Ace
  3. It can be used to substitute for any picture card
  4. It can be used to create any single pair
  5. You can take the joker out to dinner
Question 17 (two points)

Which Macau casino recently introduced Pai Gow poker to its tables?

  1. MGM
  2. Venetian
  3. City of Dreams
  4. No casino offers the game in Macau
  5. The Parisian
Question 18 (three points)

When using the “house way” strategy, what percentage of hands in Pai Gow Poker are pushes?

  1. Around 34 percent
  2. Around 36 percent
  3. Around 38 percent
  4. Around 40 percent
  5. There are no pushes in Pai Gow Poker

 

SIC BO

Question 19 (one point)

In Macau, what odds are paid on any three of a kind in Sic Bo?

  1. 20/1
  2. 24/1
  3. 30/1
  4. 34/1
  5. Your money back plus three free nights accommodation
Question 20 (one point)

How many dice are used in a sic bo game?

  1. 3
  2. 4
  3. 5
  4. 6
  5. As many as the casino likes
Question 21 (two points)

There are many variations of Sic Bo around the world. Which of the following pieces of equipment is used in a Sic Bo-like game?

  1. The birdcage
  2. The balloon
  3. The boat
  4. The bowl
  5. The baloney
Question 22 (two points)

How many dealers pay out the players on a full large-sized Sic Bo table?

  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. None because the players pay themselves
Question 23 (three points)

At Sands Macao, how many different betting options are there on their most detailed Sic Bo layout?

  1. 76
  2. 86
  3. 96
  4. 106
  5. 888
Question 24 (three points)

Which of the following is an alternative name for Sic Bo?

  1. Top bottom
  2. Left right
  3. Up down
  4. High low
  5. In out

 

ROULETTE

Question 25 (one point)

In terms of mathematical house advantage, which is the best bet on a roulette table in Macau?

  1. It doesn’t matter, they all have the same house advantage
  2. Any even money bet
  3. Any corner, row or split
  4. Any number straight up
  5. You get the lowest house edge against you by betting every single number straight up, except one
Question 26 (one point)

In Macau, what does a straight up winner pay?

  1. 33/1
  2. 35/1
  3. 37/1
  4. 39/1
  5. A whisky straight up
Question 27 (two points)

The name roulette means “little wheel” in which language?

  1. Arabic
  2. Spanish
  3. Italian
  4. French
  5. Sign language
Question 28 (two points)

If a roulette table does not have 37 numbers on it, how many will it have?

  1. 35
  2. 36
  3. 38
  4. 39
  5. It is up to the casino
Question 29 (three points)

What was the name of the man who “broke the bank” in Monte Carlo playing roulette in the mid 1870s?

  1. Joseph Jagger
  2. Joe Jackson
  3. Jean Jaguit
  4. John-Paul Jargeau
  5. Jumping Jack Flash
Question 30 (three points)

In some casinos operating a standard 37 number wheel, especially in the United Kingdom, some bets do not have the usual house edge. What is the house edge on these bets?

  1. Around half the usual house edge
  2. Around double the usual house edge
  3. Around 10 percent more than the usual house edge
  4. Around 10 percent less than the usual house edge
  5. 100 percent because they just take all your money

 

SPORTS BETTING

Question 31 (one point)

If you want to back a team to win a competition before the competition starts it is commonly known as what?

  1. Championship betting
  2. Future betting
  3. Title betting
  4. Pre-betting
  5. Crystal ball betting
Question 32 (one point)

At the 2010 FIFA World Cup, Spain beat Holland to be crowned World Cup Champions. Which country started the tournament as favorites?

  1. Spain
  2. Argentina
  3. Brazil
  4. Holland
  5. Upper Volta
Question 33 (two points)

If you bet on a sporting event and you want to take a bet that is not a win, handicap or total bet, it is referred to as what?

  1. An exotic bet
  2. A non-standard bet
  3. A special bet
  4. A parlay
  5. A funny bet
Question 34 (two points)

If you have $100 on a sporting team to win at the US odds of +130, how much do you win (not including the return) on your bet?

  1. 230
  2. 130
  3. 1300
  4. 13
  5. 130 cows
Question 35 (three points)

In the 2014 Super Bowl, the Seattle Seahawks defeated the Denver Broncos. In spread, handicap or line betting, the Seahawks started the game as what?

  1. 2.5 point favorites
  2. 2.5 point underdogs
  3. 7.5 point favorites
  4. 7.5 point underdogs
  5. Absolute certainties
Question 36 (three points)

In what year and on what stock exchange was the betting exchange Betfair first floated?

  1. London Stock Exchange in 2009
  2. Australian Stock Exchange in 2009
  3. London Stock Exchange in 2010
  4. Australian Stock Exchange in 2010
  5. In a London Coffee House in 1788

 

HORSE RACING

Question 37 (one point)

A “weight for age” horse race means what?

  1. All horses of the same sex carry the same weight
  2. Only horses of a certain age can race
  3. Only horses of a certain age and weight can race
  4. Horses are weighted by their sex and age
  5. Only horses that are fat and old can race
Question 38 (one point)

If a horse is paying $2.50 to win in decimals, what are its odds?

  1. 1/2
  2. 5/4
  3. 6/4
  4. 2/1
  5. Not enough
Question 39 (two points)

A farrier does what?

  1. Changes horse shoes
  2. Cleans and washes horses
  3. Walks horses around the mounting yard
  4. Transports horses from venue to venue
  5. Speaks to horses in their own language
Question 40 (two points)

Which of the following horses have completed their career undefeated?

  1. Black Caviar
  2. Highflyer
  3. Frankel
  4. All of the above
  5. All horses lose sometimes
Question 41 (three points)

In 2009 Mon Mone became the longest-priced winner of the Grand National Steeplechase for 42 years when he won by 12 lengths. What price was Mon Mone?

  1. 66/1
  2. 100/1
  3. 200/1
  4. 500/1
  5. Long enough to retire on
Question 42 (three points)

What is the largest prize ever paid for winning a single horse race?

  1. €6 million
  2. £6 million
  3. HK$66 million
  4. US$6 million
  5. The prize was a medium-sized Pacific island

 

INDUSTRY

Question 43 (one point)

How many cards are there in a standard deck of playing cards (not including jokers)?

  1. 50
  2. 52
  3. 55
  4. 58
  5. 2 – a red card and a yellow card
Question 44 (one point)

City of Dreams is co-owned by two companies, “Melco” and “Crown”. In which country does Crown have their flagship casino, which is simply known as “Crown”.

  1. Australia
  2. The United Kingdom
  3. The United States
  4. France
  5. The Congo
Question 45 (one point)

The Genting gaming group operates which chain of casinos?

  1. Island Bay Casinos
  2. Golden Casinos
  3. Paradise Casinos
  4. Resorts World Casinos
  5. Shakedown Casinos
Question 46 (one point)

Which of the following companies manufacture playing cards?

  1. Angel
  2. Cloud 9
  3. Heavenly
  4. Pearly Gates
  5. The Mad Monks of Macau
Question 47 (two points)

When did the Sands Macao open?

  1. 2003
  2. 2004
  3. 2005
  4. 2006
  5. Has it opened yet?
Question 48 (two points)

What is the name of the gaming regulator in the Philippines?

  1. PAGCOR
  2. PACGOR
  3. PADGOR
  4. PADCOR
  5. Paddy McGore
Question 49 (two points)

The current licenses of the six Macau concessionaires end in what years?

  1. Some in 2018 and some in 2020
  2. Some in 2019 and some in 2021
  3. Some in 2020 and some in 2022
  4. Some in 2021 and some in 2023
  5. They never end
Question 50 (two points)

What was the first casino to open after Sands Macao?

  1. Waldo
  2. Grand Waldo
  3. Greek Mythology
  4. Casa Real
  5. No Chance Casino
Question 51 (three points)

Which was the first property to open on the Las Vegas Strip?

  1. Flamingo Hilton
  2. Bellagio
  3. New Frontier
  4. The Sahara
  5. Casino Royale
Question 52 (three points)

The word “croupier” comes from an old French word “croup” which meant the rear side of a horse. In modern day casino parlance it is another word for a dealer. Originally, a croupier was what?

  1. A person who stood behind a gambler with extra reserves of money
  2. A person who counted the money a gambler cashed in at the desk
  3. A person who found new customers for a casino
  4. A person in charge of the maintenance of casino games
  5. A person who danced like a clown to entertain the gamblers
Question 53 (three points)

What was the name of the world’s first casino?

  1. Ridotto
  2. Château Grand
  3. Casa Mia
  4. Le Maison
  5. Why didn’t we think of this before?
Question 54 (three points)

In what year did Australia’s first legal casino open?

  1. 1969
  2. 1971
  3. 1973
  4. 1975
  5. Australia doesn’t have legal casinos

 

POKER

Question 55 (one point)

The worst starting hand in ring-game Texas Hold’em poker is what?

  1. A pair of aces
  2. A pair of twos
  3. A two and a three offsuit
  4. A two and a seven offsuit
  5. Getting three cards instead of two
Question 56 (one point)

In poker language, being in the cutoff means you are what?

  1. First to act after the flop
  2. The last person eliminated before the money in a tournament
  3. The next person to be moved to balance tables in a tournament
  4. Seated to the immediate right of the button
  5. About to have part of your body cut off by an angry opponent
Question 57 (one point)

The Binion’s Horseshoe Casino was sold in 2004. The sale also included the World Series of Poker brand. Which casino group made the purchase?

  1. Harrahs
  2. World Gaming
  3. Sands Las Vegas
  4. Wynn
  5. The Klondike Group
Question 58 (two points)

Which of the following poker champions has won the most World Series of Poker (WSOP) bracelets?

  1. Johnny Chan
  2. Phil Hellmuth
  3. Phil Ivey
  4. Gus Hansen
  5. Railbird Ronny
Question 59 (two points)

Who won the first ever WSOP Main Event?

  1. Doyle Brunson
  2. Johnny Moss
  3. Amarillo Slim Preston
  4. Puggy Pearson
  5. The Panda
Question 60 (two points)

A straight running 10 through Ace in poker is commonly referred to as what?

  1. Big slick
  2. Broadway
  3. The road
  4. Top end
  5. You beauty!
Question 61 (three points)

How many times has the PokerStars poker room in Macau moved to a new location?

  1. 2
  2. 3
  3. 4
  4. 5
  5. Not enough times
Question 62 (three points)

In 2012, Konstantin Puchkov broke the record for most WSOP cashes in a single year. How many separate events did Puchkov cash in?

  1. 9
  2. 10
  3. 11
  4. 12
  5. All of them
Question 63 (three points)

Since cash game poker was introduced to Macau in 2007, how many casinos in Macau have dealt cash game poker?

  1. 4
  2. 5
  3. 6
  4. 7
  5. None

 

SLOTS

Question 64 (one point)

In the early days of slot machines, what number was used as a standard lucky number?

  1. 1
  2. 7
  3. 8
  4. 9
  5. 666
Question 65 (one point)

The famous Aristocrat game “Golden Pyramids” became a pioneer of the free game feature. How many free games did you get if you spun up three pyramids?

  1. 8
  2. 10
  3. 15
  4. 20
  5. As many as you needed until the machine ran out of coins
Question 66 (two points)

SHFL entertainment’s ground breaking new slot game Duo Fu Duo Caihas what symbols as its main theme?

  1. Gold coins
  2. Gold bars
  3. Dragons
  4. Babies
  5. Stallions
Question 67 (two points)

Arguably the most popular slot machine in the world is Aristocrat’s “Five Dragons”. Players choose one of five colored dragons during the feature – which dragon gives the least amount of games but the biggest dividends?

  1. The white dragon
  2. The yellow dragon
  3. The red dragon
  4. The green dragon
  5. The smelly dragon
Question 68 (three points)

In what year was the first ever slot machine invented?

  1. 1885
  2. 1890
  3. 1895
  4. 1900
  5. During the Bronze Age
Question 69 (three points)

In the days of coin-operated slot machines one method of cheating was to insert coin-shaped metal objects into slot machines instead of coins. What were these objects known as?

  1. Slugs
  2. Grubs
  3. Washers
  4. Flat faces
  5. Money makers

 

HYBRIDS

“Hybrid” is a term given to a new form of gaming we’ve seen explode in Macau in recent years. They comprise some features of table games and some features of electronic gaming.

Question 70 (one point)

Which of the following games is not featured in new hybrid live dealer stadium style gaming in Macau?

  1. Sic Bo
  2. Blackjack
  3. Roulette
  4. Baccarat
Question 71 (one point)

Which game is most offered in hybrid games in Macau?

  1. Sic Bo
  2. Blackjack
  3. Roulette
  4. Baccarat
  5. Badminton
Question 72 (two points)

Which company is the manufacturer of all hybrid gaming machines in Macau?

  1. COPAG
  2. LT Game
  3. John Huxley
  4. SBO Bet
  5. Bits and Pieces Ltd
Question 73 (two points)

Which casino in Macau offers the most number of hybrid gaming betting terminals?

  1. Sands Cotai Central
  2. City of Dreams
  3. Venetian Macao
  4. Kampek Casino
  5. Turbojet
Question 74 (three points)

Which casino offered the first ever hybrid gaming machine in Macau?

  1. Kampek casino
  2. Greek Mythology
  3. Venetian Macao
  4. StarWorld
  5. Lucky 8s casino
Question 75 (three points)

What is the smallest bet offered on a hybrid gaming machine in Macau?

  1. HK$10
  2. HK$20
  3. HK$30
  4. HK$40
  5. 1 Indonesian rupiah

 

CRAPS

Question 76 (one point)

What is the most likely number to roll on any particular roll of craps?

  1. 6
  2. 7
  3. 8
  4. 9
  5. 13
Question 77 (one point)

What numbers are collectively called “craps”?

  1. 2 and 3
  2. 2 and 12
  3. 2, 3 and 12
  4. 2, 3, 11 and 12
  5. Whenever you lose it is called “craps”
Question 78 (two points)

What is the casino staff member who passes the dice to the shooter known as?

  1. The diceman
  2. The stickman
  3. The dealer
  4. The supervisor
  5. The handyman
Question 79 (two points)

When a new shooter is offered dice to shoot with, how many is he usually offered to choose from?

  1. 3
  2. 4
  3. 5
  4. 6
  5. Any dice he can find, including his own
Question 80 (three points)

Which of the following is not the name of a bet that can be made on at least some craps tables around the world?

  1. A lay bet
  2. A yo-leven bet
  3. A don’t bet
  4. A field crap
  5. A hopping hardway
Question 81 (three points)

What is the house edge on the “don’t pass” line?

  1. 1.31 percent
  2. 1.36 percent
  3. 1.41 percent
  4. 1.46 percent
  5. There is no house edge on this bet

 

BLACKJACK

Question 82 (one point)

In Macau, what should you do if you are dealt 14 against a dealer upcard of 5?

  1. Hit
  2. Stand
  3. Double
  4. Surrender
  5. Tear up the cards, grab your chips and run away
Question 83 (one point)

In Macau, when the dealer’s upcard is an ace, you have the option of taking insurance. When should you take insurance?

  1. Never
  2. Always
  3. Only if you have a pair of tens
  4. When you have 18 or more
  5. When the dealer is pretty
Question 84 (two points)

In Macau, what should you do when you are dealt two 8s, for a total of 16, against a dealer 9 upcard?

  1. Hit
  2. Stand
  3. Split
  4. Surrender
  5. Cry
Question 85 (two points)

How many decks of cards do the majority of Macau casinos use in their Blackjack shuffling machines?

  1. 4
  2. 5
  3. 6
  4. 8
  5. As many as the casino staff member chooses when they load up the machine
Question 86 (three points)

What is your EV (expected value) when standing on 18 against a dealer’s 2?

  1. +6 percent
  2. +12 percent
  3. +16 percent
  4. +20 percent
  5. At least one dinner comp
Question 87 (three points)

What would your combined EV be if the 18 in the example above was comprised of two 9s and you decided to split the 9s?

  1. +6 percent
  2. +12 percent
  3. +16 percent
  4. +20 percent
  5. At least one dinner comp able to be split between two people

 

MAHJONG

Question 88 (one point)

Which hand is worth the most in most types of Mahjong?

  1. Half Flush
  2. Full Flush
  3. Big Winds
  4. Full Straight
  5. Full Nelson
Question 89 (one point)

What is the most common number of tiles in a standard Mahjong hand?

  1. 10
  2. 13
  3. 15
  4. 18
  5. Bathroom tiles
Question 90 (two points)

How many tiles are used in normal Hong Kong and Japanese-style Mahjong Decks?

  1. 136
  2. 140
  3. 144
  4. 152
  5. As many as you need
Question 91 (two points)

Which rules will be used at the World Riichi Mahjong Championship in Paris in July 2014?

  1. Chinese Official Rules
  2. American Rules
  3. Japanese Rules
  4. Taiwanese Rules
  5. Aussie Rules
Question 92 (three points)

What do the numbered suits in Mahjong likely represent?

  1. Seasons
  2. Currency denominations
  3. Various philosophers
  4. Various eras
  5. Morse code
Question 93 (three points)

Who was the first American to become a professional mahjong player in the Japan Professional Mahjong League?

  1. Susie Wong
  2. Aki Nikaido
  3. Jenn Barr
  4. Vincent Wong
  5. Hilary Clinton

 

GENERAL

Question 94 (one point)

What is the name of the casino game in which both the player and the dealer usually just get one card?

  1. Single card poker
  2. One card poker
  3. Big card
  4. Casino war
  5. Stupid poker
Question 95 (one point)

Which of the following places is part of the name of a casino table game?

  1. England
  2. Caribbean
  3. Jamaica
  4. Australia
  5. Tahiti
Question 96 (two points)

A Chinese version of the Australian game “two up” was played in the Venetian Macao in 2011. What was the name of the game?

  1. Red Dragon
  2. Jade Dragon
  3. Dragon Phoenix
  4. Dragon Tiger
  5. Panda Stallion
Question 97 (two points)

If a game of poker is a “stud” variation, what does this mean?

  1. 7 cards will be dealt to each player (the player chooses the best 5 for his hand)
  2. Players may not buy-in for additional money if they still have money in front of them
  3. Some cards are dealt face up
  4. All players must pay an ante
  5. All men playing must be studs
Question 98 (two points)

What was the second state of the United States to legalize casino gaming?

  1. Nevada
  2. Mississippi
  3. New Jersey
  4. Massachusetts
  5. Canada
Question 99 (three points)

Macau’s Lisboa casino opened its gaming operations in which year?

  1. 1969
  2. 1970
  3. 1971
  4. 1972
  5. The year Stanley Ho turned 21
Question 100 (three points)

What is the name of the now-closed Macau floating casino that formerly operated close to the Hong Kong-Macau ferry terminal?

  1. Macau Dragon
  2. Macau Golden House
  3. Macau Palace
  4. Macau World
  5. Take-a-dive casino

Congratulations! You have just finished our gaming quiz. Make sure you keep your answers in a safe place so you can refer back to them when we provide the answers, along with complete explanations, in the next issue of WGM. It might also be a good idea to swap your answers with a friend so you can say you have locked them away. We hope you had as much fun doing it as we had making it!

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